October 9, according to the News of the Russian military-industrial complex, developed by the Yakovlev Design Bureau, Irkut Group production of Yak-130 trainer aircraft equipped with the Russian Air Force has begun, but its export potential will remain extremely limited because it encountered fierce competition in the international market, and the challenge of facing tough opponents, especially Russia have taken part in the Italian M-346 and China’s L-15 trainer aircraft.
Russian media said, the Irkut Group recently supplied to the Russian Air Force bulk Yak-130 trainer aircraft handover book has been signed, the first batch of six aircraft fromIrkutskflew Borisoglebsk. Bondarev, Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Air Force, the Yak-130 is a very good high-mobility aircraft can be used both for teaching, but also the use of the Russian military-existing variety of weapons on a combat mission, and very simple to use, Air the best models of the initial training of cadets. With a lot of equipment of the Yak-130, the Russian Air Force will also set up a new aerobatics team.
The main features of the Yak-130 is to use the full operating system, not only to train pilots of high elevation flight, but also completed aerobatic action, including access and change the spiral, as well as security systems to prevent pilots make mistakes, airborne electronic equipment capable of simulating from the MiG-29, Su-30 to F-22, F-35, including almost all modern fighter air operations features. Russian military now almost no modern trainer aircraft, pilot training were forced to use the old Czech L-39 and MiG-29UB, Yak -130 large equipment will fundamentally change this situation, it can not only save a lot of money, but also quickly to fill the gaps of the senior military pilot training. Procurement contracts signed according to the Russian Defense Ministry, the Russian Air Force in 2015, should receive 55 Yak-130, 15 of which should be equipped before the end of November this year.
Russian media said the Russian military need to purchase a total of 200 Yak-130 trainers. If sales in the domestic market have been protected, then the Yak-130 export potential is quite limited. A few years ago, it would have encountered foreign similar products in the most promising Italian M-346 and L-15 trainer aircraft competition.Italytrainer performance and the foundation model in no way inferior to the Yak-130, and have found the first customers in the international arms market.
Russiaalready started to develop the Yak-130 in 1991, but it was not until five years after the first time inItalyhelp launch. The project then almost forced to dismount, because in the beginning of the reform, Yakovlev Design Bureau faced many difficulties, the domestic orders close to zero and the basic export orders were little. The lack of a large investment Yak-130 trainer aircraft project for a long time remains on paper plan on. Design Bureau was forced to look for international partners, soon to find in Italy, signed a joint development agreement in 1993, after the co-operation was stopped in 1999 due to differences in the sales plan, followed by the Italian company, the purchase price of 77 million dollars Yak-130 fuselage design and technical literature, was the foundation of the development of a domestic trainer M-346.Italywidespread use of synthetic materials and titanium, to switch toU.S.engine and other equipment, the weight of the aircraft is 700 kilograms less than Yak-130, so the aerodynamic performance has been improved, with a Russian trainer aircraft that are not equipped supersonic flight ability. The M-346 is a successful maiden flight in 2004 and 2009, the Italian Ministry of Defense procurement 6. Began in the summer of this year to cut a striking figure in the international market in July by fierce competition beat South Korea T/A-50, and won the Israeli Air Force $ 850 million worth of 30 trainer aircraft purchase orders a month and then began to Singapore Air Force to supply 12 coaches machine.
Russian media said, in addition to the forced cooperation withItaly, Russian designers still technically involved in the work on the development ofChina’s L-15 trainer, and immediately get more lucrative returns. Although did not disclose how much it costs to payRussia, but all appearances,Russiaincome of at least 100 million dollars. The Chinese Hongdu Aviation Industry Group as early as in the late 1990s began to develop domestic trainer, in the beginning of the 21st century no Russia Yakovlev design bureau and Ukraine Sich engine company, has not been able to develop success. Russia then transfer to China of the Yak-130 design drawings and technical literature Ukrainian side to provide L-15 prototype using AI-222K-25F engines with similar engine Yak-130, Uzbekistan The engine has a dedicated the afterburner cabin, so that the L-15 with supersonic flight capability. The new L-15 demonstrator successful maiden flight in March 2006, the test results immediately so that the Chinese side was overjoyed. The Hongdu Aviation chief architect once admitted, the latest model of the L-15 flight technical performance and reliability, significantly better than all previous test sample machine.Chinanow has at least produced a 10 L-15 trainer aircraft, most aircraft currently being used by the Chinese Air Force test. OnceChinahas a large number of equipment L-15 trainer aircraft Hongdu airlines will no doubt become the main competitor of the Yakovlev design bureau in the world market. Hongdu Aviation executives said that the company has signed a supply L-15 trainer aircraft to the African and Latin American countries, the first export contracts to foreign customers is expected to deliver 12 this year.Chinadid not disclose the specific name of the country, probably refers toNigeriaandUruguay.
Russian media said, in fact, from the point of view of cost-effective, Yak -130 can compete and foreign opponents. Yak -130 price of $ 15.3 million, with a maximum speed of 1060 km, the practical range of 2000 km, combat load of 3 tons, combat radius of 1,315 km. Contrast, L-15 Price 15.9 million dollars, with a maximum speed of 1190 km, the practical range of 2000 km, the combat load of 1 ton combat radius of 550 kilometers. Sino-Russian trainerUkrainedeveloped AI-222 engine, but the power of the Chinese trainer device Additional Afterburner cabin, able to achieve supersonic flight. Italian M-346 selling price of $ 21 million, with a maximum speed of 1230 km, the practical range of 2500 km, the combat load of 2.9 tons; the Korean T/A-50 costs of $ 29.6 million, with a maximum speed of 1650 km, the practical range of 2400 km, the fighting load 3 tons, a combat radius of 1000 km; Czech L-159 priced at 12 million dollars, with a maximum speed of 912 kilometers per hour, the practical range of 920 km, combat load of 2.3 tons, a combat radius of 500 kilometers.
Russia’s Rosoboronexport, and nearly 10 countries negotiating the Yak-130 export matters most recent signing of procurement contracts are only five countries, namelyMalaysia,Vietnam,Algeria,Belarus, andKazakhstan. Malaysia Air Force has 18 Su-30 fighters, need to be replaced for pilot training, the old British “Hawk Mk 108/208 trainer aircraft. Ma defense minister said were more likely to select the Yak-130 trainer, trainer of the first batch of possible procurement number of issues now being discussed with the Russian side. If the negotiations successfully,Malaysiamay buy 12-24 aircraft Yak -130,Vietnam,Algeria,Kazakhstanprocurement quantity is roughly the same with this. As forBelarus, the maximum possible procurement 6, the white air defense military commander said that if the deal will be delivered within the next two years. The contract price will take into account the special relationship of the Russia-Belarus Union concessions to complete the transaction, and will barter form. This calculation,Russiamay be up to the five countries export about 100 Yak-130 trainers. In the relatively distant future, the Yak-130 may be exported toVenezuela,Azerbaijan,Brazil,ArgentinaandParaguay, is expected to be approximately 100. Export contracts toLibya,Syriais re-run, and the export volume of Yak-130 will not be more than 250 world trainer market share of up to 10%.
Yak -130 orders distribution situation, the domestic market is relatively stable and 55 is expected to be delivered between 2012-2015, the value of $ 990 million to supply 145 aircrafts, which valued at $ 2.175 billion. As regards the export potential, andAlgerialast year signed a contract for the supply of 16 aircraft, valued at $ 300 million. 2014-2015 may 8-12 aircraft exports to Algeria, the value of 1.2-1.7 billion U.S. dollars; possible exports to Syria in 2012-2013 36, valued at $ 550 million; 6 last year and Libya signed a $ 120 million contract, basic has been canceled; 2012-2014 may export to Vietnam 24, valued at $ 360 million; possible exports to Kazakhstan in 2013-2015 12-24 aircraft, the value of 1.8-3.6 billion dollars; 2015-2020 may exports to Belarus -12 aircraft, price uncertainty; probably 12-24 aircraft exports to Malaysia, and the value of 1.8-3.6 billion dollars; 2020-2030 may export to Venezuela, Azerbaijan, Brazil, Argentina 12-24 aircraft, the value of 1.8 in 2015-2025 -3.6 million; 2015-2020 may be exported to Paraguay 6, worth $ 90 million.
Irkut Group executives acknowledged that if the Yak-130 trainer aircraft development is limited to the model of the production and certification of the sales market will be very limited, so the company plans to enhance the aircraft combat performance, and the development of new models, because the market The analysis results show that many countries want to participate in or worried about the outbreak of local conflicts have a light attack aircraft missile weapons. Popovich, vice president, said the company also developed the Yak-130 light fighter version ready in two stages to modern upgrade. The first stage may be at the end of next year, the main project is the installation of photovoltaic modules and aerial refueling system; second stage is to install airborne radar, the substantial increase in the Yak-130 can use the types of weapons, including air-surface missile, and have a night combat use capacity. But the company is not prepared to follow the example of Chinese L-15, Yak-130 supersonic aircraft converted into low Mach number supersonic trainer aircraft operational performance is far less than the fighter, and the cost and usage fees higher than subsonic aircraft much. New version of the perfect Yak-130 is very suitable to the fight against the armed rebel forces, smugglers and pirates, and the political sensitivity is not strong, its export supply will not be like the Su-30 fighter caused tensions in neighboring countries, and therefore improved sales of Yak-130 the market is expected to completely could double.